Maricopa has a rich culture of community that goes back thousands of years.  Native
Americans farmed and traded in the area long before Europeans arrived and made it a stop
on a route along the Gila River.  Stage routes and train stops made a point of trade and
departation in the 1800s.  Agriculture advance in the area as water was pumped from the
abundant aquafer.  Today, Maricopa is a growing community of families and friends - still
rich in historical value.
Maricopa Timeline

1694     Father Kino visits Pima Villages & Maricopa Wells area
1846     General Kearny & Dragoons rested at Maricopa Wells
1846     Cooke & Mormon Battalion camped at  -constructed wagon road through Southern Arizona  
1848     Gold discovered in California: westward movement
1848     Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-ended war with Mexico and Gila River becomes boundary line
1851     Royce Oatman family stops at Maricopa Wells: meet up with tragedy down the road
1851     Matilda Jane Barrett (Moore) & family stops at Maricopa Wells in route to California
1853     US Army Corp of Engineers began survey of AZ searching for railroad route to connect east-west
1854     Gadsden Purchase adds almost 30,000 square acres of land south of Gila River to USA
1856     Olive Oatman reunited with brother
1856     Mormon Battalion used Maricopa Wells as camping ground
1857     Last major Native American vs Native American battle fought at Maricopa Wells
1857     San Antonio-San Diego Overland Mail Line at Maricopa Wells.  
1858     Butterfield Overland Stage Line:  First run-September 16, 1858
1861     Butterfield Overland Mail Line discontinued - April 12 (cause-Civil War & Hostile Indians)
1861     Wells Fargo & Co. operates Maricopa Wells
1863     Arizona Territory created.  Maricopa Wells part of Pima County
1864     Henry Morgan builds steam flourmill at Casa Blanca
1864     John Allen pre-empted  Maricopa Wells
1865     Federal Post Office officially established at Maricopa Wells
1865      Arizona Nat’l Guard established at Maricopa Wells
1867      Maricopa Wells sold to Hooper & Co-mail & passenger coach line established
1867      Mail line re-established at Maricopa Wells using old Butterfield route
1867      Morgan builds trading post and “Morgan’s Ferry” near Maricopa Wells
1870      Maricopa Wells sold to Moore and Carr
1870      Moore appointed postmaster at Maricopa Wells
1870      First Arizona Mail Line from Maricopa Wells to Phoenix and points north- Most prosperous time
1872      Moore & Carr operated mail line from Tucson to Yuma
1873      Military telegraph system established in Arizona- Maricopa Wells one of main branches
1873      US Custom Services: have official rep stationed at Maricopa Wells
1873      C.H. Kenyon appointed postmaster at Maricopa Wells
1875      Pinal County created
1875      E.O. Stratton, clerk & bookkeeper at Maricopa Wells, keeps journal
1878      Southern Pacific Railroad reaches Yuma
1879      SPRR lines being laid from Yuma to Tucson-connects east with west
1879      SPRR closes last chapter of life for Maricopa Wells
1879      Maricopaville chosen as terminus for two RR:  the SPRR & M&P
1879      Southern Pacific Railroad Line completed to Maricopaville on April 29
1879      Maricopa Wells Post office moved to Maricopaville
1879      Maricopaville tooted as fastest growing town in state-destined to be capital
1879      Maricopaville boomtown with rapid building & variety of businesses in operation
1879      Maricopa Wells post office moved to Maricopaville
1880      Southern Pacific Railroad completes southern lines across Arizona at Tucson
1884      Perry Williams builds adobe house southwest of tracks in present day Maricopa
1886      Work begins on Maricopa & Phoenix Railroad at present day Maricopa
1887      First M&P train leaves Maricopa for Phoenix on July 4, 1887
1887      Military telegraph moved to Maricopa
1887      Post Office moved to Maricopa on July 7th
1887      Maricopa builds two-story railroad station
1887      Cyrus Williams joins brother, Perry, at Maricopa
1888      Maricopaville post office moved to present day Maricopa
1890      Mary Edwards, first white woman arrives in Maricopa
1896      Cyrus Williams killed in Maricopa; buried in Tucson
1899      First baby born in Maricopa: named Maricopa
1900      First Presbyterian Church at Ak-Chin opens
1908     Henry Morgan dies
1910     Drake family moves to Maricopa
1911     Cal Rodgers lands in Maricopa on first Transcontinental Flight
1912     Ak-Chin Reservation created
1912     Dallas Smith family moves to Maricopa
1912     Small house north of tracks serves as first school
1913     Hotel Williams destroyed by fire
1914     Maricopa Slim shot and killed in Maricopa
1914     First Woman’s Club organized in Maricopa
1914     New red brick schoolhouse built south of tracks
1917     Art Deal family buys hotel/store/restaurant in Maricopa
1918     Lena Enos born at Ak-Chin
1918     Carmelita Norris Stanley moves to Maricopa
1919     Beginning of (ca) Arizona Edison Co & Electrical District # 3
1920     Ak-Chin Catholic Church established
1929     Hidden Valley area developed
1931     Tillie Carlyle moves to Maricopa
1931     Railroad station and hotel destroyed by fire
1931     Smiths move to Perry Williams’ house
1931     Maricopa Hotel built south of tracks
1935     M & P Railroad closed its doors in Maricopa
1946     Green appointed postmaster
1948     Two rooms added to school
1949     Maricopa Cash Market built (Maricopa Mercantile, Mayfair Market)
1951     Second four-room school building constructed
1952     School buys land to complete 14 square acres
1953     Original Maricopa school building burns south of tracks.
1953     Four-room wing added to enlarge school in December.
1953     Rotary Club organized
1954     First Baptist Church started at school
1954     Fire destroys Maricopa Hotel south of tracks (Business Barn location)
1954     Cafetorium and second classroom wing added to grade school
1955     Third four-room classroom wing added to school
1955     Stapley building constructed across from Maricopa Elementary School
1956     Fire destroys 1912 schoolhouse north of tracks (Headquarter’s Restaurant)
1956     Bonds passed to build high school
1958     Church of Christ organized
1958     Rotary Club builds community swimming pool
1958     Community library organized
1959     First annual Maricopa Rotary Club’s Stagecoach Day (May 3rd)
1959     Maricopa High School Graduates First Class
1960     LDS Church started
1960     Fire destroys 1884 Perry Williams house
1961     Ak-Chin Community Council-government established
1963     Maricopa Community Church established
1964     Maricopa BPW Club organized
1967     Catholic Church begins services
1972     Assembly of God Church is organized
1972     Honeycutt Shopping Center burns
1971     Ak-Chin Industrial Park constructed
1974     Bible Church at Ak-Chin services begins
1980     Volunteer Fire Department built
1983     Banks of Santa Cruz River break and flood most of Maricopa
1990     Maricopa flooded after banks of Smith Wash break
1990      New Post Office built on Hathaway Street
1991      Maricopa sons and daughters in military serve in Sauda Arabia and Desert Storm
1986      Dedicated Postmaster and Maricopa Pioneer, Fred Cole, dies
1987      Mike Ingram begins plans for Rancho El Dorado
1990      Operation Desert Storm: over 50 young Maricopa men & women serve in military
1991      Smith Wash south of Maricopa breaks and floods south side of Maricopa
1991      Maricopa Waver (Grandpa Brock) Bids Farewell to Maricopa People
1994      Harrah’s Casino opens
1995      Maricopa Road:  State Route 347 completed
1997      Princess Diana dies in automobile accident
1999      Hubble telescope uncovers important clues to a galaxy’s birth & growth
2000      Maricopa History: “Reflections of a Desert Town” published
2001      World Trade Center hijackers kill almost 3000 on 9-11
2003      City of Maricopa incorporated October 15
2003      City of Maricopa’s First Parade: Grand Marshals-Brocks November 15
2004      First elected Maricopa City Council takes office on June 1st
2004      Parks, Recreation and Library Department opens
2004      Auction/Benefit for Cancer Victim Andrew Cole -March 6th:
2004      Santa Rosa Elementary School
2004      Bashas’ Maricopa Marketplace Fiesta Plaza
2004      Website for News & Community Events opens
2005      PRL: First annual Salsa Festival (last Saturday in April)
2005      Pima Butte Elementary School opens
2005      Fry’s Supermarket opens
2005      First MOMS Club organized in January
2005      First Red Hat Society formed in Maricopa
2005      Friends of the Library Advisory Committee for PRL formed in April
2005      PRL: First annual July 4th Fishing Derby & BBQ
2005      Groundbreaking for new Fire Department - October
2005      First PRL Basketball Program; Punt, Pass & Kick; Karate; Dance Programs.    
2005      Governor Napolitano visits Maricopa
2005      Groundbreaking for new Pacana Park - November
2005      PRL: First Founder’s Day Celebration & Chili Cook-Off -October 16
2005      First annual “Seeds of Change Gala”
2005      PRL: First annual Holiday Homes on Display – November & December
2005      Pima Butte Elementary School
2006      Friends of the Maricopa Cultural Activity Center and Library formed in March
2006      City Manager’s Task Force on Education organized
2006      PRL Dir. McDonald receives NRPA award: Outstanding Service & Leadership
2006      Opening of Maricopa Wells Middle School
2007      Second Edition of  “Reflections of a Desert Town” published
All rights reserved.
Native American child - Early 1900s
Maricopa Wells - 1880s
Maricopa Junction - Early 1900s
Migrant workers - Dorthea Lange, 1940
Japanese internment camp school
children - 1940s
Maricopa Road, looking north from railroad
tracks - 1950s
Maricopa City Council - 2005