Maricopa has a rich culture of community that goes back thousands of years.  Native
Americans farmed and traded in the area long before Europeans arrived and made it a stop
on a route along the Gila River.  Stage routes and train stops made a point of trade and
Transportation in the 1800s.  Agriculture advance in the area as water was pumped from the
abundant aquifer.  Today, Maricopa is a growing community of families and friends - still
rich in historical value.
Maricopa Timeline

Maricopa Wells

800BC - 1200AD  Snake Town, a large village complex 7 miles east of Maricopa Wells, is occupied by the Hohokam or Huhugam.
1150-1450 - Huhugam "Classic Period" included villages along the Gila River including what would later be named Maricopa Wells.
1694     Father Kino visits Pima Villages & Maricopa Wells Area
1846     General Kearny & Dragoons Rested at Maricopa Wells
1846     Cooke & Mormon Battalion Camped at  MW When Constructed Wagon Road Through Southern Arizona  
1848     Gold Discovered in California: Ignites Westward Movement
1848     Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-Ended War with Mexico ~ Gila River Becomes Boundary Line
1851     Royce Oatman Family Stops at Maricopa Wells: Meets With Tragedy Down Road
1851     Matilda Jane Barrett (Moore) & Family Stops at Maricopa Wells in Route to California
1853     US Army Corp of Engineers Began Survey of AZ Seeking Railroad Route to Connect East-West
1854     Gadsden Purchase Adds almost 30,000 Square Acres of land South of Gila River to USA
1857    Olive Oatman Reunited with Brother Lorenzo - 1857
1857     Last Major Native American vs Native American Battle Fought at Maricopa Wells
1857     San Antonio-San Diego Overland Mail Line at Maricopa Wells.  
1858     Butterfield Overland Stage Line-First Run-September 16
1861     Butterfield Overland Mail Line Discontinued - April 12 (cause-Civil War & Hostile Indians)
1861     Wells Fargo & Co. in Operation at Maricopa Wells
1863     Arizona Territory Created. and Maricopa Wells Becomes Part of Pima County
1864     Henry Morgan Builds Steam Flour Mill at Casa Blanca
1864     John B. Allen’s First Application for Preemption of Homestead Land in Arizona at Maricopa Wells
1865     Federal Post Office officially Established at Maricopa Wells
1865      Arizona National Guard Established at Maricopa Wells
1867      Maricopa Wells Sold to Hooper & Co ~ Mail & Passenger Coach Line Established
1867      Mail line re-established at Maricopa Wells Using Old Butterfield Route
1867      Morgan Builds Morgan’s Trading Post and  Opens Morgan’s Ferry near Maricopa Wells
1870      Maricopa Wells Sold to Moore and Carr
1870      Moore Appointed Postmaster at Maricopa Wells
1870      First Arizona Mail Line from Maricopa Wells to Phoenix and Points North ~ Most Prosperous Time
1871      Henry Morgan Built a Store in Phoenix Called Morgan and Co:  Finished August
1872      Moore &Carr Operated Mail Line from Tucson to Yuma
1873      Military telegraph System Established in Arizona- Maricopa Wells One of Main Branches
1873      US Custom Services: Provided Rep at Maricopa Wells
1873      C.H. Kenyon Appointed Postmaster at Maricopa Wells
1875      Pinal County Formed from Portions of Maricopa and Pima Counties:  2-1-1875
1875      E.O. Stratton, Clerk/Bookkeeper at Maricopa Wells, Keeps Journal
1878      Southern Pacific Railroad Reaches Yuma
1879      SPRR Lines Laid from Yuma to Tucson-Connects East with West-1st RR built in AZ
1879      SPRR Closes Last Chapter of Life for Maricopa Wells

Maricopaville

1879      Southern Pacific Railroad Line Completed to Maricopaville on April 29
1879      Train Excursion Advertised to Maricopaville in May
1879      Maricopaville Herald as Fastest Growing Town in AZ ~ Destined to be Capital
1879      Maricopa Wells Post Office Moved to Maricopaville
1880      Maricopa Wells 1880 Census:   99
1880      Southern Pacific Railroad Completes Southern Lines Across Arizona at Tucson

Maricopa Junction / Maricopa

1884      Perry Williams Builds Williams Hotel &Adobe House Southwest of  Tracks  (later Smith Home)
1886      Work Begins at Maricopa on Building Maricopa & Phoenix Railroad  
1887      First M&P Train Leaves Maricopa for Phoenix on July 4, 1887
1887      Military Telegraph Moved to Maricopa
1887      Post Office Moved to Maricopa on July 7, 1887
1887      Maricopa Builds Two-story Railroad Station
1887      Cyrus Williams Joins Brother, Perry, at Maricopa and Manages Hotel Williams
1890      Mary Edwards, First White Woman Arrives in Maricopa
1894     SP Express Train Robbed 2 Miles E. of Maricopa by 20 yr old Cowboy, Frank Armer, Was Soon Captured
1896      Cyrus Williams Killed in Maricopa; Buried in Tucson
1899      First Baby Born in Maricopa: named Maricopa
1900      Maricopa Census:  160
1900      Approximately 8000 Cars in America: Three Owned by Maricopa Residents
1900      First Presbyterian Church at Ak-Chin Opens
1900      Henry Morgan, Operator of Trading Post, Morgan’s Ferry,&Phx Merchant- Passed Away in Phx.
1901      Almost all of Southern AZ under FloodWaters-Bridges Destroyed- Great Damage to RR Tracks:Aug.
1910      Sheriff Hayden Chases Boy Bandits in McCarthy’s Stoddard-Dayton Across Desert-Captures S.of Tabletop
1910      Maricopa Claims to Lead World in Auto Ownership: Two Cars and 18 Residents
1911     Cal Rodgers Lands Biplane in Maricopa with Help of Moon on FirstTranscontinental Flight: 11-1-1911
1912      Ak-Chin Reservation Created in 1912
1912      Melvin Drake Owned Farm Northwest of Maricopa. - Father Drilled Wells For School - Maricopa
1912     Long Time Residents Dallas and Susie Smith Settles in Maricopa
1912     Small House North of tracks Serves as First School
1913     Hotel Williams Destroyed by Fire
1914     Maricopa Deputy Sheriff, Maricopa Slim, aka John Powers, died of gunshot wound on November 6, 1914
1914     First Woman’s Club Organized in Maricopa
1914     New Red Brick Schoolhouse Built South of Tracks
1916      Charles Cole Filed legal Notice for Homestead in Maricopa: February 8th:  Legalized by Deptof  Inter;1919
1917     Art Deal Family Buys Edwards /McCarthy Hotel  in Maricopa:  Becomes Maricopa Hotel
1917      Prospectors Often inquired at hotel Seeking Location of Rock House & Old Gold Mines in Estrella Mtn.
1918     Lena Enos Born at Ak-Chin - Long Time Teacher at Maricopa Elementary School
1918     Carmelita Norris Stanley Moves to Maricopa/Ak-Chin
1919     Beginning of Arizona Edison Co & Electrical District # 3
1919      Melvin Drake Filed Legal Notice for Homestead in Maricopa May 3rd: Provided 3 Yr proof / Improvements
1920     Maricopa Census:   381
1920      Jack Burkett and Rowland Brothers (nephew of Arthur Deal) Own Hidden Valley Ranch
1920     Ak-Chin Catholic Church Established
1922     First Phase of Maricopa-CG Road Begins-Clearing of Land:  Promoters Burkett and Deal
1922    First Maricopa Chamber of Commerce organized
1922      Salvation Army Conducts Church Services in Maricopa
1922      25 Maricopa Residents Voted in election
1922      Deputy Holden Took Prisoner to Florence - Sentenced to 25 Days for Carrying Concealed Weapons
1922      De Haviland Airplane with Liberty Motor flies over Maricopa-Headed for Phx Fairgrounds
1927      Monty O’Tool Took Young Marjorie and Paul Deal For a Ride in His Monoplane
1929     Citrus Development Co (projected 5000 acres in citrus at Hidden Valley) Moves Office to Maricopa
1930      Electrical Dist # 3, Begins Work on Sub Station and Power Lines-Bringing Power to 200,000 acres of land
1930     Maricopa Census:  143
1930      Ak-Chin Census:   116
1930     Hidden Valley Project Celebration Expects  800 Visitors
1931      Tillie Carlyle Moves to Maricopa
1931     Railroad Station and Edwards-McCarthy-Maricopa (Deal) Hotel Destroyed by Fire
1931     Dallas and Susie SmithMove to Maricopa ~ Purchase Perry Williams’ House
1931     Maricopa Hotel Built South of  tracks
1934     Second Phase of M&CG Road Begins with CWA Workers:  Jack Burkett Heads Project
1935     M & P Railroad Closes Doors in Maricopa
1935     Several Families Settling in Hidden Valley
1935     Grand Opening of Wander Inn with Open Pavilion: Socializing and Dancing Under Stars: Owner Jack Burkett
1936        Women’s Neighborhood Club Organized
1946      Ed Green Appointed Postmaster
1948     Two Rooms added to Maricopa Elementary School
1949         Homemaker’s Club Organized
1949     First Movie Theater with Sanchez Family in Maricopa on East Honeycutt Road
1949     Maricopa Cash Market Built (Market and Maricopa Mercantile)
1949     Ed Green Sells Maricopa Hotel (South of Tracks) and Tortilla Flats Café
1949      School-Community Halloween Parade, Movie and Party at Maricopa Elementary School: Nov 3rd
1949      Chuck and Millie Parker Buy Maricopa Café and Maricopa Hotel from Ed Green:  December
1950     First Annual Maricopa School Carnival (2-23-50)
1951     Four-Room Wing School Building Constructed
1952     School Buys Land to Complete 14 Square Acres
1952     Hubert Brown Sells Maricopa Cash Market to Jay Baldock (Maricopa Mercantile-Mayfair Market)
1953     1914 Maricopa Elementary School destroyed by Fire (9-3-53) 400 Students without Rooms
1953     Maricopa Elementary School Builds Four-Room Wing in December
1953     Rotary Club Organized with Meetings at Maricopa Hotel(South of Tracks)
1954     First Baptist Church Holds Services at Maricopa Elementary School
1954     Fire destroys Maricopa Hotel South of Tracks
1954     Rotary Club Meetings Held at Honeycutt Shopping Center South of Tracks
1954     Second Classroom Wing with Four Rooms and CafetoriumAdded to Maricopa Elementary School
1954     Honeycutt Shopping Center Opens with Crossroads Café.  Later Called Honey Cup Restaurant
1954     Naylor Grocery Store Opens ~ Later D & H Market in Honeycutt Shopping Center
1954     Rotary Club Sponsors First Cub Scout Pack and Boy Scout Troup: Meetings:  Maricopa Elementary School
1955     Third Classroom Wing with Four Rooms added to Maricopa Elementary School
1955     Stapley Building Constructed South of Tracks and East of Maricopa Elementary School
1955      Incorporation of Maricopa Water Works on March 24th:  Water Previously Provided by S Pacific RR
1956     Headquarters Restaurant Destroyed by Fire in 1956:  Owner Calhoun est. $25,000 in Damages
1956     Monday Niters Club Meetings at First Baptist Church
1956     Maricopa Founders’ Day Celebration with Candlelight Ceremony at Maricopa Elem School: 2-14-56
1956     Fire destroys 1912 schoolhouse north of tracks:  Later Location of Headquarters Restaurant/Bar
1956    Third Phase of M&CG Road Completed
1956   Maricopa Elementary School Expands:  One Principal and 15 Teachers
1956     Newly Constructed Headquarters Opens in March with Rotary Club Mtgs and Ed Farrell as Owner.
1956    Bonds passed to build Maricopa High School
1958      Influx of migrant Cotton Workers Increased First Grade Enrollment to 130: New Teacher Needed
1958     Church of Christ Organized
1958     Maricopa Community Library Organized
1959    Maricopa-Casa Grande Hwy Paved
1958     First Maricopa Stagecoach Days Celebration
1958     Rotary Club Builds and Opens Community Swimming Pool
1959     First Class to Graduate at Maricopa High School
1960     LDS Church Begins Services
1960     Fire destroys 1884 Perry Williams--Dallas Smith Home
1961     Ak-Chin Community Council-Government Established
1963     Maricopa Community Church Established
1964     Maricopa BPW Club Organized
1967     Catholic Church Begins Services
1971     Ak-Chin Industrial Park Constructed
1972     Assembly of God Church is Organized
1972     Honeycutt Shopping Center South of Tracks Destroyed by Fire
1974     Bible Church Services at Ak-Chin Begins
1980     Volunteer Fire Department Built
1983     Banks of Santa Cruz River Break and flood most of Maricopa
1986      Dedicated Postmaster and Maricopa Pioneer, Fred Cole, Dies
1987      Mike Ingram Begins Plans for Rancho El Dorado
1990      Operation Desert Storm: Over 50 young Maricopa Men & Women Serve in Military
1990      New Post Office Built on Hathaway Street
1991      Smith Wash ~ South of Maricopa Breaks and Floods Southside of Maricopa
1991      Maricopa Waver (Grandpa Brock) Bids Farewell to Maricopa People
1994      Harrah’s enters into agreement with Promus/Harrah’s  for a 72,000 square foot casino.
1995      Maricopa Road:  State Route 347 Completed
1997      Princess Diana Dies in Automobile Accident
1999      Hubble Telescope Uncovers Important Clues to a Galaxy’s Birth & Growth
2000      Maricopa History: “Reflections of a Desert Town” Published
2001      World Trade Center Hijackers Kill Almost 3000 on 9-1-2001
2003      City of Maricopa Incorporated October 15, 2003
2003      City of Maricopa’s First Parade
2004      First Elected Maricopa City Council Takes Office on June 1st
2004      Parks, Recreation and Library Department Opens
2004      Auction/Benefit for Cancer Victim Andrew Cole ~ March 6, 2004
2004        Santa Rosa Elementary School Built
2004      Bashas’ Maricopa Marketplace Fiesta Plaza Opens
2004      Website 85239.com opens for Maricopa News &Community Events
2005      PRL: First annual Salsa Festival (last Saturday in April)
2005      Pima Butte Elementary School Opens
2005      Fry’s Supermarket Opens
2005      First MOMS Club Organized in January
2005      First Red Hat Society Formed in Maricopa
2005      Friends of the Library Advisory Committee for PRL Formed in April
2005      PRL: First annual July 4th Fishing Derby & BBQ
2005      Groundbreaking for new Fire Department - October
2005      First PRL Basketball Program; Punt, Pass & Kick; Karate; Dance Programs.    
2005      Governor Napolitano Visits Maricopa
2005      Groundbreaking for new Pacana Park - November
2005      PRL: First Founder’s Day Celebration & Chili Cook-Off -October 16
2005      First annual “Seeds of Change Gala”
2005      PRL: First Annual Holiday Homes on Display – November & December
2005      Pima Butte Elementary School Opens
2006      Friends of the Maricopa Cultural Activity Center and Library Formed in March
2006      City Manager’s Task Force on Education Organized
2006      PRL Director McDonald Receives NRPA award: Outstanding Service & Leadership
2006      Opening of Maricopa Wells Middle School
2007      Second Edition of  “Reflections of a Desert Town” Published
2007      First City of Maricopa Great American BBQ at Pacano Park
2007      Opening of Santa Cruz Elementary School – August 2007
2008      Opening of Butterfield Elementary School – August 2008
2008      Opening of Saddleback Elementary School  - August 2008
2008      Opening of Desert Winds Middle School – August 2008
2009      Heritage District Advisory Committee Organized - October 2009
2010        Maricopa Historical Society incorporated with Non-profit Status Achieved
2011         Maricopa Historical Society first semi-annual opening of the Zephyr Train Car - May 7, 2011
2011         First Maricopa Historical Society Golf Tournament - October 16, 2011
2011         Maricopa: Images of a Desert Town Published
2011         Maricopa History Educational Series Launched by Pat Brock and Denny Hoeh
2012         Centennial of the State of Arizona - February 14, 2012
2012         Groundbreaking of City Hall Complex - April 21, 2012
2012         Grand Opening of Banner Health - May 12, 2012
2012         Opening of UltraStar Multi-tainment Center - November 13, 2012
2012         Vernon Barlow Maricopa Historical Ink Drawings Distributed Through MHS
2013         Opening of Central Arizona College, Maricopa Campus - January 2, 2013
2013         Groundbreaking for Copper Sky Multigenerational/Aquatics Center and Regional Park - January 12, 2013
2013         Dedication of the City Hall Complex - October 15, 2013
2013         First City of Maricopa "Shutter Shots" Digital Photo Contest - October 15, 2013
2013         First City of Maricopa Mud Run - October 26, 2013
2014      Opening of DignityHealth Urgent Care Center - April 20, 2013
2014         Opening of Copper Sky Recreation Complex - March 15, 2014
2014      First Maricopa’s Great American Fourth Celebration Held at Copper Sky Regional Park
2014         City of Maricopa wins Mix96.9 "Battle of the Burbs" Contest and Named Best Community in the Valley
2014         First City of Maricopa Second Saturday Market - October 11, 2014
2014         City of Maricopa 2040 Vision Steering Committee formed - October 2014
2014         First City of Maricopa Merry Copa Holiday Festival - December 6, 2014
2015         First City of Maricopa 5k Color Run - March 14, 2015
2015         City of Maricopa Wins Mix96.9 "Battle of the Burbs" Contest for the 2nd year - March 30, 2015
2015         City of Maricopa First Spring Egg Dive at Copper Sky Aquatic Center - April 4, 2015

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All rights reserved.
Native American child - Early 1900s
Maricopa Wells - 1880s
Maricopa Junction - Early 1900s
Migrant workers - Dorthea Lange, 1940
Japanese internment camp school
children - 1940s
Maricopa Road, looking north from railroad
tracks - 1950s
Maricopa City Council - 2005